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Navigating Malignant Melanoma: A Comprehensive UK Guide for Patients

Oct 18, 2023
Dr Amit Goyal, Founder of mySkinDoc

Dr. Amit Goyal: The Visionary Behind mySkinDoc

Before we delve deep into the complexities of malignant melanoma, it's vital to spotlight the individual who has made this educational venture possible, Dr. Amit Goyal. An esteemed dermatology doctor with numerous accolades and years of expertise, Dr. Goyal recognised a distinct need in the contemporary digital landscape: to provide trustworthy, rapid, and accessible skin care advice. Born from this vision was mySkinDoc, an innovative platform marrying the expertise of clinical consultation with the convenience of online accessibility.

Dr. Goyal's commitment to patient education and wellness is manifested through resources like this detailed guide on melanoma. He believes in empowering everyone with the necessary knowledge and tools to make enlightened decisions about their skin health.

Should you, while navigating through this guide, have queries or apprehensions concerning your skin health, Dr. Goyal and his proficient team are merely a click away. Don't delay; prioritize your skin's health. Proceed with an online consultation via the 'Ask A Specialist' button on the mySkinDoc platform. Ensuring your comfort and well-being remains our prime directive.


Malignant melanoma, often just called melanoma, is a form of skin cancer emerging from melanocytes, the cells behind melanin production - the pigment giving colour to our skin, hair, and eyes. Though melanoma comprises only a small fraction of skin cancer cases, it's notably responsible for most skin cancer-related deaths. This guide delves deeper, shedding light on melanoma's risk factors, symptoms, preventative measures, treatment avenues, and offering valuable UK-specific resources.

Patient Example: Jane, a 35-year-old teacher from London, first noticed a suspicious-looking mole on her arm during a summer holiday. It was new and unlike the other moles she had. Having read about melanoma, she decided to consult her GP, who promptly referred her to a local dermatologist. The early intervention helped her address the issue promptly.

Risk Factors

  1. Sun Exposure: Excessive UV radiation, whether from the sun or tanning beds, heightens melanoma risk. For instance, a childhood memory of painful sunburns can significantly influence adult risk levels.

  2. Skin Type: Fair-skinned individuals tend to be more vulnerable, but melanoma doesn't discriminate; it can affect all skin types.

  3. Family History: If relatives have had melanoma, your risk might be higher, pointing to genetic factors.

  4. Moles: An abundance of moles or unusual ones can heighten risk. Regularly observe moles for any alterations.

  5. Weakened Immune System: Those with conditions like HIV/AIDS or organ transplant recipients face greater risk.

Signs and Symptoms

Catching melanoma early is pivotal. Be proactive in spotting skin changes and consult with professionals upon noticing:

  1. New Moles: Like Jane's case, new moles appearing post-30 should be scrutinized.

  2. Changes in Existing Moles: Alterations in mole size, color, or form warrant attention.

  3. Asymmetry & Irregular Borders: Unlike regular moles, melanoma lesions might be asymmetric or possess uneven edges.

  4. Uneven Color: Multicolored moles with shades ranging from brown to blue or red can be concerning.

  5. Diameter: Many melanomas exceed the size of a pencil eraser (6mm), but some can be smaller.

  6. Evolving Moles: Dynamic moles that change over periods should be promptly inspected.


Mitigate melanoma risk with UV protection and consistent skin health checks:

  1. Use Sunscreen: Opt for broad-spectrum sunscreens with a minimum SPF of 30 during outdoor activities. Remember to reapply.

  2. Protective Clothing: Outfits with long sleeves, broad hats, and sunglasses offer invaluable sun protection.

  3. Seek Shade: Especially between 10 a.m. to 4 p.m., the sun's rays are most intense.

  4. Avoid Tanning Beds: Their harmful UV output is a known melanoma catalyst.

  5. Regular Skin Exams: Complement self-assessments with routine dermatologist appointments.

Treatment Options

Therapeutic choices hinge on melanoma's stage and spread:

  1. Surgery: Early-stage melanomas typically necessitate surgical extraction.

  2. Lymph Node Biopsy: Biopsies of adjacent lymph nodes can ascertain cancer spread.

  3. Immunotherapy: Bolstering the immune response can help in attacking cancer cells.

  4. Targeted Therapy: Specific inhibitors can halt melanoma growth pathways.

  5. Radiation Therapy: Directed high-energy radiation can exterminate cancer cells.

  6. Chemotherapy: Advanced melanomas might necessitate chemotherapy.

UK Resources:


Malignant melanoma is formidable, but knowledge can be your best defence. Familiarising yourself with its risk factors, early signs, and preventive measures ensures a proactive stance against it. Emphasise routine dermatological evaluations, and should there be any skin-related apprehensions, seek medical guidance immediately. As exemplified by Jane, early intervention can make a monumental difference. Remember, prompt detection has the potential to be life-saving.

Make sure you are seen by your GP if you have a suspicious mole. Alternatively you may wish to have a consultation with mySkinDoc quickly and easily.

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